totoo ba, tunay ba; siya ba; sana; talaga
really, indeed, please
The Tagalog word nga is an adverb that adds emphasis. It is very tricky to translate. You will have to hear it used and look at the speaker’s facial expressions to get the nuance. The meaning changes according to the tone used when saying it as well as the context.
Sabi ko nga…
Like I said…
Sabi ko na nga ba!
That’s exactly what I was saying!
Serves you/him right.
Buti nga sa iyo.
Serves you right.
Buti nga sa kanya.
Serves him/her right.
Buksan mo nga.
Open it, like I said.
I don’t want.
Gosh, I don’t want to. / I said I don’t want.
(meaning depends on the context)
Grammarians and linguists refer to nga as a “reiteration marker.”