root word: laya, meaning ‘liberty’

adjective form: malaya, meaning ‘free’


kalayaan ng pananampalataya
freedom of worship

sa ngalan ng kalayaan
in the name of freedom

Maligayang Araw ng Kalayaan!
Happy Independence Day!

Araw ng Kalayaan sa Pilipinas
Day of Independence in the Philippines

Kailang ang Araw ng Kalayaan sa Pilipinas?
When is Independence Day in the Philippines?

Ika-12 ng Hunyo
12th of June

Philippine independence from Spain was proclaimed on June 12, 1898. Known in Spanish as Acta de la proclamacion de independencia del pueblo Filipino, it was formally proclaimed by Emilio Aguinaldo in the town of Kawit, in the province of Cavite.

Another day of independence that had also been celebrated in the Philippines was July 4. It was on that date in 1946 that Filipinos obtained their independence from the United States.

The word kalayaan literally means “freedom” while kasarinlan is a more apt translation for “independence,” yet historical usage has favored the phrase Araw ng Kalayaan instead of Araw ng Kasarinlan.