pagkabigla, takot, sindak, mangha, gulantang, sorpresa, gikla
scared, frightenened, shocked
to scare, frighten
Ginulat mo ako.
You startled me.
Gugulatin ko siya.
I will startle him/her.
Huwag kang magulat. May sasabihin ako.
Don’t be shocked. I have something to say.
In English, the word “surprise” often has a pleasant connotation. The Tagalog word gulat does not have that pleasant connotation. Instead, gulat simple describes being caught off-guard by something unexpected.