SAYOTE

This word is from the Spanish chayote.

Sayote Vegetable Pears in Baskets
Sayote Vegetable Pears in Baskets

sayote
chayote

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MALUNGGAY

What is Malunggay in English?

A widely grown plant in the Philippines, malunggay is a plant with the scientific name Moringa oleifera. It is simply called “moringa” by English speakers.

Moringa is a tree known as sajina in South Asian countries like India. In English, it is sometimes referred to as horseradish tree or horseradish plant, although it’s a different species from the horseradish that Westerners know. The tree grows fast and survives well in drought conditions.

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PATOLA

A common vegetable in the Philippines, patola is the the unripe fruit of the plant having the scientific name Luffa acutangula.

Patola: Minsan gulay, minsan ikaw.

Also a slang word meaning “taong mahilig pumatol.”

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SITAW

sitaw
legume known as “green beans”

sitaw
snake beans /
“Chinese long beans”

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PETSAY (PECHAY)

petsay
bokchoy or bok-choy or bok choy or bok choi or bokchoi

petsay
Chinese cabbage

also spelled pechay or pakchay

Picture of Petsay or Pechay
Petsay is a popular vegetable in the Philippines. It is a subspecies of the plant having the scientific name Brassica rapa. It is also known as snow cabbage, Chinese chard or Chinese white cabbage in English.

The subspecies Brassica rapa pekinensis is called Baguio pechay or pechay wombok in the Philippines.

Petsay is added to Filipino stews such as nilagang baka (boiled beef) and bulalo (boiled beef shank).

GULAY

isang uri ng halamang iniluluto at kinakain

gulay
vegetable

mga gulay
vegetables

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SALUYOT

Saluyot is a leafy vegetable from the plant whose scientific genus name is Corchorus. It is part of the jute family of plants and has been called Nalta jute in English.

A popular vegetable particularly in the Ilocos region in the northern part of the island of Luzon, saluyot was even named by the former Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos, an Ilocano native, as one of his favorite vegetables.

dahon ng saluyot
jute leaves

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OKRA

Okra is the same word in Tagalog and English.

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