National Costume of the Philippines

Barbie wearing a traditional “Maria Clara” dress

Traditonal Filipina Barbie


Filipino boy wearing barong tagalog and salakot
The official national costume of Filipino men is the barong tagalog.

The  upper garment of the boy in the picture is a barong. It is worn over a Chinese collarless shirt called camisa de Chino. The boy is also wearing the traditional wide-brimmed hat salakot, which is usually made of rattan or reeds.

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BARONG

The Barong Tagalog is the official Filipino national attire. Its name comes from the phrase “Baro ng Tagalog” (dress of the Tagalog people).

It has a similar cut to a men’s dress shirt but comes in varied natural fabrics such as Jusi, Pina, Abaca, Organza, and the more recent Pina-Jusi. It can be long or short-sleeved with various collars, colors, embroideries, and appliques. It is predominantly worn by men, but there are now female variations as well.

The loose fit of being untucked makes it suitable for the hot climes of the tropical islands of the Philippines.

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PAYNETA

Origin: from the Spanish peineta, meaning ‘ornamental comb’

A payneta is an ornamental comb that Filipinas in the old days wore in their hair, sometimes with a veil.
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BAKYA

bakya
wooden shoes, clogs

Saan ba makakabili ng bakya?
Where can one buy wooden slippers?

There is a popular Tagalog folk song titled Bakya Mo, Neneng. You can listen to it with lyrics here.
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YAKIS

Multiple meanings for this obscure Tagalog word.

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SALAKOT

Also stylistically spelled as salacot.

Filipino boy wearing native Filipino hat salacot

The boy in the picture is wearing the traditional Filipino wide-brimmed hat salakot, which is usually made of rattan or reeds.

There are a few variations on the salakot, usually involving materials or a slight difference in the slope towards the brim or towards the top center.


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SAYA

sayá: tuwa, galak, ligaya, lugod, pagtatamasa

sayá
joy, happiness, fun

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KAMISA

from the Spanish camisa

kamisa
a shirt

kamisadentro
“inside shirt”

spelling variations:
kamesadentro, camisadentro,
kamesa dentro, camisa dentro,

kamisa dentro
undershirt

A camisa de Chino (also spelled kamisa de tsino) is a collarless Chinese shirt worn under the barong Tagalog, the national costume of the Philippines for men. Spelling variations: camisachino, kamisa tsino, kamesatsino

See the entry on barong.