PAPAK

This Tagalog word in Chinese in origin.

papak
to eat without rice

kumakain ng ulam na walang kasamang kanin
eating ulam without the accompaniment of rice

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MAYABANG

root word: yabang

mayabang
boastful, proud

Ang yabang mo naman.
My, you’re so boastful.

nagmamayabang
is being boastful

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MAARTE

The Tagalog word maarte originally meant artful or artsy. But it is now used to describe someone, especially a young woman, who can be nitpicky and by extension pretentious. It has a negative connotation, but not a very strong one.

maarte
pretentious, finicky
fastidious, high maintenance

maarte
persnickety, fussy

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PASAWAY

root word: saway

saway
prohibition, restraint, reprimand

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Important Concepts in Filipino Culture

Mahahalagang Konsepto sa Kulturang Pilipino

pamilya
family

pagtitiwala sa Panginoon
trust in God

pagiging magalang
being respectful, especially to older people

pagtitiis
perseverance, forbearance

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BASTOS

walang-galang, mahalay; magaspang, bulgar, mumurahin

bastos
rude, impertinent
impolite, vulgar

If you tell a woman a crude joke, you are very bastos. To answer back to your grandmother or anyone older than you is bastos in Filipino culture.

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PASALUBONG

Ang pasalubong ay isang alaala o “souvenir” na ibinigay ng bagong dating na galing sa paglalakbay sa ibang pook o bansa.

root word: salubong (to welcome)

pasalubong
homecoming treat, souvenir

When Filipinos go on a trip or live overseas, they are expected to bring back gifts on their return.  That’s pasalubong!

It’s a big deal. If you don’t bring pasalubong to people who welcome you, they’ll think you never thought of them while you were away.

Peanut Kisses & Peanut Fingers
Pasalubong from Bohol: Peanut Kisses & Peanut Fingers

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BOLERO

Also see bola

bolero
flatterer
(male)

bolera
flatterer
(female)

bolero
a man who flatters a woman

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