SI

The Tagalog word si is what grammarians call a “personal topic marker.”

In Tagalog, you use it in front of a proper name. It’s something you don’t need in English, but you must remember to use it in Tagalog!

Si Andrew
= Andrew

Si Andrew ay matangkad.
Andrew is tall.

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Make Words Plural in Tagalog

To make a word plural in Tagalog, use mga before it.

It is pronounced “mah-nga.”

 

mga bata
children

mga tao
people

mga nanay
mothers

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NANG

This is a conjunction.

nang
when, so that

Nagulat ako nang nakita ko sila.
I was shocked when I saw them.

Kumain ka, nang (sa ganoon ay) hindi ka magutom.
Eat, so that you won’t go hungry.

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Usage of ‘mag-‘ in Tagalog

The Tagalog prefix mag- is used to verbalize nouns. You can translate it as ‘do’ in most cases, but the meaning depends on the context. This is very useful because you can put it in front of English nouns. Filipinos do this all the time! That’s why when you hear them speaking Tagalog, there seems to be a lot of English words sprinkled in.

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PINAKA-

The prefix pinaka- is used to form superlative adjectives.

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SA

The Tagalog word sa is a preposition that can mean to, at, in, for or on, depending on the context.

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Comparative Form of Adjectives

mas ~
more ~

mas maganda
more beautiful

mas matalino
smarter

Mas mahirap ako.
I am poorer.

Mas mayaman siya.
She/He is richer.

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PALA-

As a prefix, pala- may connote something done habitually.

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