The Tagalog word sa is a preposition that can mean to, at, in, for or on, depending on the context.
there is, there are, has, have
Mayroon akong lapis.
I have a pencil.
Mayroon silang bagong kotse.
They have a new car.
The Tagalog word ni is placed before names. It can be translated as ‘of’ in certain contexts.
The simplest, easiest way to say “Let’s…” in Tagalog is to use the verb and then add tayo.
A more advanced way to say “Let’s…” in Tagalog is to conjugate the verb, then add tayo.
This is a conjunction.
when, so that
Nagulat ako nang nakita ko sila.
I was shocked when I saw them.
Kumain ka, nang (sa ganoon ay) hindi ka magutom.
Eat, so that you won’t go hungry.
By itself, ng serves as a possessive or genitive marker in Tagalog sentences. An easy way to look at one of its uses is to see it as meaning ‘of’ in English.
skin of an animal
child of a woman
(a woman’s child)
head of a person
(a person’s head)
The prefix pinaka- is used to form superlative adjectives.