there is, there are, has, have

Mayroon akong lapis.
I have a pencil.

Mayroon silang bagong kotse.
They have a new car.

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How to Say “Let’s…” in Tagalog

The simplest, easiest way to say “Let’s…” in Tagalog is to use the verb and then add tayo.


Kain tayo.
Let’s eat.


Upo tayo.
Let’s sit.


Lakad tayo.
Let’s walk.


Tulog tayo.
Let’s sleep.

A more advanced way to say “Let’s…” in Tagalog is to conjugate the verb, then add tayo.

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How to Be Polite in Tagalog

Maging Magalang = Be Polite

When talking to people older than you, the easiest way to make your sentences polite is to add po, usually at the end.

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The Tagalog word ni is placed before names. It can be translated as ‘of’ in certain contexts.

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The Tagalog word sina is the plural form of si. It’s what grammarians call a “personal topic marker.”

In Tagalog, you must use either si or sina in front of proper names.
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This is not a standalone word, but a prefix.

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The word ninyo is what grammarians call a “genitive pronoun.”

It works like a plural version of mo (‘you’).

Talking to one person:

Anong ginagawa mo?
What are you doing?

Talking to two or more persons:

Anong ginagawa ninyo?
What are you doing?

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NG (“of” )


By itself, ng serves as a possessive or genitive marker in Tagalog sentences. An easy way to look at one of its uses is to see it as meaning ‘of’ in English.

balat ng hayop
skin of an animal
(animal’s skin)


anak ng babae
child of a woman
(a woman’s child)


ulo ng tao
head of a person
(a person’s head)

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